Monday, May 07, 2012

Overview of Sikhism in India - Ten Sikh Gurus & Religious Scriptures

Overview of Sikhism in India - Ten Sikh Gurus & Religious Scriptures

Sikh religious philosophy has roots in the religious traditions of northern India. The Sant Mat traditions are fundamental to the teachings of Sikhism's founder, Nanak. Especially important to the connection with Sikhism were the teachings of some of the saints such as Ravidas and Kabir. Sikhism is also inspired by the emphasis on devotion to God in the traditions of Vaishnavism, especially through the Bhakti movement, as well as influences of Sufism. However, Nanak's teachings diverge significantly from Vaishnavism in their rejection of idol worship. Sikhism is professed to be a more difficult personal pursuit than Bhakti. The evolution of Nanak's thoughts on the basis of his own experiences and study have also given Sikhism a distinctly unique feature. Scholars have presented Sikhism as both a distinct faith and a syncretic religion which combines some elements of Hinduism and Islam.

God In Sikhism, God – termed Vahiiguru – is formless, eternal, and unobserved. Nanak interpreted Vahiiguru as a single, personal and transcendental creator. The beginning of the first composition of Sikh scripture is the figure "1"—signifying the unity of God. To achieve salvation, the devotee must develop an intimate faith in and relationship with God. God is omnipresent and infinite, and is signified by the term Ek Omkar.

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